SEND Language/Jargon Buster

UPDATED: Monday 6th April 2020

On this page you will find a glossary of the most commonly used SEND acronyms and what they stand for.

A&E Accident and Emergency
AAC Assistive and Augmentive Communication - _The term AAC (Alternative and Augmentative Communication) is used to describe the different methods that can be used to help people with disabilities communicate with others.
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder is a diagnoses given by psychiatrists and paediatricians use to describe serious and persistent inattentiveness and/or over-activity and impulsiveness.
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADVOCATE Someone who can help ensure that a person is listened to, and that their rights, concerns and needs are acted upon
AEN Additional Educational Needs
AHDC Aiming High for Disabled Children
Allocated Case This is a term used within social services to refer to a case (of a child or young person) that has been allocated to a named social worker or other key worker, who then remains accountable for the case until it is closed or transferred.
ALP Accelerated Learning Programme
ALS Additional Literacy Support Programme
Annual Review The Review of a statement of special educational needs that takes place yearly find the forms on the Local Offer
APC Alternative Provision College
APP Assessing Pupil Progress grid
Approved Social Worker An approved social worker (ASW) is a qualified social worker who has undergone additional training and been approved by the local authority to carry out a range of statutory duties under the Mental Health Act (1983). These include assessing whether a person needs to be detained in hospital compulsorily.
AS or ASP Asperger Syndrome
ASBO Anti-Social Behaviour Orders are statutory measures that aim to protect the public from behaviour that causes (or is likely to cause) harassment, alarm or distress. They were introduced by the section 1 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998, and came into force from 1 April 1999.
ASC (ASD) Autism Spectrum Condition (formally Autism Spectrum Disorder)
At Risk Since the Children Act 1989 came into force, the term ‘at risk’ has generally been used to describe a child believed to be at risk of ‘significant harm’ and therefore in need of protection by the local authority. When a child is described by someone from social services as being ‘at risk’, this is still likely to be what they mean. However, during recent years the term has also come to be used more widely, for example to describe children thought to be at risk of social exclusion. Indeed, the term has been used in official guidance to refer to children thought to be at risk of offending, social exclusion, or significant harm. Potentially, of course, such an everyday term could be used in common speech to suggest that a child is at risk of almost anything - exclusion from school, health problems, alcohol dependency, to name just a few. So when the term is used, care should be taken to clarify what a child is considered to be at risk from.
BESD Behavioural, emotional and social difficulties: individuals with BESD cover the full range of abilities and severities.
BSL British Sign Language
BST Behaviour Support Team
CA Carers Assessment
CAF Common Assessment Framework: a form to co-ordinate all the agencies working with a family with problems
CAFCASS The Child and Family Court Advisory Service (CAFCASS) is a non-departmental public body for England and Wales. The functions of CAFCASS relate to family proceedings where the welfare of children is (or may be) in question. CAFCASS advises the court so that any decisions they take are in the best interests of children. Specifically, its role is to safeguard and promote the welfare of the child; advise the court about any application made to it; make provision for children to be represented; and to provide information, advice and support for children and their families. The main types of cases in which the courts ask CAFCASS to help are when parents are separating or divorcing and have not reached agreement on arrangements for the children; when children may be removed from their parents care for their own safety; and when children could be adopted.
CAMHS Child Adolescent Mental Health Service
CART Contact Assessment Referral Team
CDFSS Children's Disability Family Support Service
CDIO Children's Disabilities Information Officer
CDR Children's Disability Register
CDS Child Disability Service: The Child Disability Service provides a social work service to children and young people with severe and/ or complex disabilities and their families.
CDT Children’s Disability Team
CFC Cause for Concern
CFCs Children and Family Centres: there are 44 Children and Family Centres (CFCs) across West Sussex in schools, libraries, youth centres, churches and mobile units covering rural areas. Services vary, but you are welcome to visit any centre that is convenient for you and your children.
CFP Cause for Praise
CHCA Continuing Health Care Assessment
CIN Child in Need
CoP or Code The Special Educational Needs and Disability Code of Practice 2015 contains statutory guidance on the Children and Families Act 2014.
Costed Provision Map A document set out in the form of a timetable, showing the support and provision for an individual pupil above and beyond that usually provided for other pupils in the class. It should detail exactly what programmes, strategies and support is available, related to ILP targets and/ or EHCP outcomes (which can be colour coded or numbered for reference), for how long and whether 1:1 or, if in a small group, the ratio of adult to pupil numbers in the group. The total number of hours should be added for each day and the cost involved with a weekly total at the end.
CP Child Protection
CPC Continuing Professional Development
CPP Child Protection Plan - A child protection place is put in place by the Local Authority when a child is deemed to be at significant risk of harm.
CYPS Children and Young People's Services
DCD Development Co-ordination Difficulties
DDA Disability Discrimination Act
Devlopment Delay A delay in reaching normal development milestones, for example talking and walking.
DfE Department for Education: Central government department responsible for education. See their website.
DH Department of Health See their website
Disability A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more life activity that is ongoing and impairs how you interact with the world
DLA Disability Living Allowance
DP Direct Payment
Dyslexia Concentration, organisational skills, comprehension and handwriting are amongst a range of other areas that could be affected
Dyscalculia A difficulty in acquiring math skills
Dyspraxia A disability where motor skills are difficult to learn and retain. Coordination and balance could be affected, amongst other areas
EAL English as an Additional Language
EALIP English as an additional language Intensive (Introductory) Programme
EBD Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
ECAR Every Child a Reader
ECAT Every Child a Talker
ECAW Every Child a Writer
ECC Every Child Counts
EH Early Help
EHP Early Help Plan
EHCP or EHC Plan Education Health Care Plan - have replaced SEN Statements from September 2014
EHCNA Educational Health and Care Needs Assessment
ELS Early Literacy Support
EMS Education Management System
EOLC End of Life Care
EOTAS Education other than at School
EP Educational Psychologists: A person, with a degree in psychology, training and experience in teaching and a further degree in educational psychology.
EPS Educational Psychologists Service: West Sussex Educational Psychology Service (EPS) is a specialist team working across the County. Through the application of psychology, we aim to promote the educational, social and emotional development of all children and young people in the community. --> find out more about the West Sussex Educational Psychology Service on the Local Offer
ES Early Support
EWO Education Welfare Officer: A local authority officer who helps parents and local authorities to meet their respective statutory obligations in relation to school attendance.
EYA Early Years Action
EYA+ Early Years Action Plus
EYC Early Years and Childcare
EYFS Early Years Foundation Stage
FCAF Family Common Assessment Framework
FFT Fisher Family Trust Literacy Programme
FIS Families Information Service
FS Foundation Stage
FS1 Foundation Stage 1
FS2 Foundation Stage 2
FSM Free School Meals - Find out here whether your child qualifies for free school meals and how to apply.
FSW Family Support Worker
FTC Families Together Carer
FTE Full Time Equivalent
H&WB Health and Wellbeing Board
HAP Health Action Plan
HE Higher Education
Health Promotion Health promotion is a term used within the health service to describe the provision of information on healthier lifestyles and how to make the best use of health services. The intention is to enable people to make rational health choices and to ensure that people are aware of those factors that determine health in the community.
HI Hearing impaired
HLTA Higher Level Teaching Assistant - Higher Level Teaching Assistants have greater complexity and autonomy than other classroom support roles. This may involved working with individual pupils, as well as larger groups or whole classes.
IASS Service Information, Advice and Support Service (Formerly known as the Parent Partnership Service (PPS))
IB Individual Budget
IBP Individual Behaviour Plan
IEP / ILP Individual Education Plan/ Individual Learning plan - A working document recording short-term targets and strategies for an individual pupil
Inclusion A term used to describe the process of ensuring equality of learning opportunities for all children and young people, whatever their disabilities or disadvantages.
INCO Inclusion Co-ordinator
INSET In-Service Education and Training
Intergrated Working focuses on enabling & encouraging professionals to work together effectively to deliver frontline services. In order to try and improve outcomes for children and young people. The Every Child Matters: Change for children programme sets out a model for Change with integration at Every level. It also sets out how services for children and young people need to be coordinated and built around their needs
ITT Initial Teacher Training
Joint Commissioning When two or more agencies work together to commission services for agreed strategic purposes, and usually includes pooling of financial resources.
KS Key Stage
LA Local Authority
LAC Looked After Child
LM Learning Mentor
LMC Local Medical Committee
LO Local Offer
Local Safeguarding Children Board including the West Sussex Safeguarding Board, co-ordinate and ensure the effectiveness of local arrangements and services to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.
LP Lead Professional
LSA Learning Support Advisor
LSI School based Learning Support Programme
LSP Learning Support Programme (written by a specialist teacher)
LSS Learning Support Service
LTC Long Term Conditions
LW Lead Worker
MAG Mapping Attainment Grid
Makaton A signed language based on BSL but is standardised across the country
MLD Moderate Learning Difficulties
MRSA Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
NC National Curriculum
NEET Not in Education, Employment or Training
NGFL National Grid for Learning
NHSE NHS England their website
NSSEN Non-statement Special Educational Needs
OCD Obessive Compulsive Disorder
ODD Oppositional Defiant Disorder
OFSTED Office for Standards in Education their website
OT Occupational Therapist
P Levels Assessment tool for pupils working below Level One of National Curriculum
PALS Patient Advice and Liaison Service --> find out more on the NHS website
PAT Phonological Awareness Training
PB Personal Budget
PCP Person Centred Planning
PCR Person Centred Reviews
PECS Picture Exchange Communication System --> find out more on the Local Offer
PHB Personal Health Budget
PIVATS Performance Indicators for Value Added Target Setting (an assessment tool for schools to break down levels into smaller steps).
PLSC Pupil Level Annual Schools Census
PMLD Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties
Portage A home-visiting educational service for pre-school children with additional support needs and their families
PPA Planning, Preparation and Assessment
Provision Map A document set out in the form of a timetable, showing the support and provision for an individual pupil above and beyond that usually provided for other pupils in the class. It should detail exactly what programmes, strategies and support is available, related to ILP targets and/ or EHCP outcomes (which can be colour coded or numbered for reference), and for how long and whether the support is 1:1 or, if in a small group, the ratio of adult to pupil numbers in the group.
PRU Pupil Referral Unit
PSA Parent Support Advisor
PSD Personal and Social Development
PSHE Personal, Social, Health Education
PSP Pastoral Support Programme/ Plan
PT Physiotherapist
PTS Patient Transport Services
QTS Qualified Teacher Status
RAD Royal Association for Deaf People their website
RAS Resource Allocation System
RNIB Royal National Institute for the Blind
ROA Record of Achievement
SA School Action
SA Single Assessment
SA+ School Action plus
SALT Speech and Language Therapist/ Team
SB Short Breaks
SBS Short Breaks Statement
SDP School Development Plan
SEAL Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning
SEBD Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties/ Development
SEMH Social, Emotional, Mental, Health
SEN Special Educational Needs
SENAT Special Educational Needs Assessment Team: coordinates Education, Health and Care Needs Assessments for children and young people aged 0-25. The team monitors the support for children with an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP). See their summary card
SENCO Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator
SEND Special Educational Needs or Disability
SENDIST Special Educational Needs or Disability Tribunal
SIMS Schools Information Management System
SLCN Speech Language and Communication Needs
SLD Severe Learning Difficulties
SLE Specialist Leader in Education
SLT Senior Leadership Team
SMART Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Timely (targets)
SMSA School Meals Supervising Assistant
SNO Special Needs Officer - advice parents and schools, monitors and reviews provision for pupils with statements and EHCPs and attends high priority Annual Reviews.
SOC Social Communication Team
SPLD Specific Learning Difficulties e.g. Dyslexia
SW Social Worker
TA Teaching Assistant
TAC Team around the Child
TAF Team around the Family
TIC Teacher in charge
VI Visually Impaired